Arithmetic is the oldest and most elementary branch of mathematics. It is used by everyone to carry on with their day-to-day operations. Higher up it is used for scientific and business calculations. Arithmetic is to mathematics what letter is to a word. Arithmetic is the basic foundation of mathematics.

The two basic arithmetic operations are

From addition we can derive another operation called

From subtraction we can derive another operation called

Arithmetic clears the logical thinking ability of our brain and makes it more and more analytical in its thinking prowess. Logic is concerned with the principles of correct reasoning, and it is the study of arithmetic which vastly improves our reasoning ability.

A student, in his

The two basic arithmetic operations are

**addition (+)**and**subtraction (-).**In its simplest form, addition combines two numbers into one. Subtraction finds the difference between two numbers. The difference can be either, positive, negative or zero.From addition we can derive another operation called

**multiplication (× or *),**which is nothing but repeated addition of the same number to another.From subtraction we can derive another operation called

**division (÷ or /),**which is nothing but repeated subtraction of the same number from another.Arithmetic clears the logical thinking ability of our brain and makes it more and more analytical in its thinking prowess. Logic is concerned with the principles of correct reasoning, and it is the study of arithmetic which vastly improves our reasoning ability.

A student, in his

**/**her infancy, begins his/her study of mathematics with positive numbers and arithmetic. Arithmetic deals with natural numbers, integers, fractions, and decimals, which the student learns in course of time. In later stages a student learns how to solve basic problems using the various tools provided by**arithmetic and logic.**
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